Coronary artery disease

A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a surgical procedure used to treat coronary heart disease. It diverts blood around narrowed or clogged parts of the major arteries to improve blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart.

CABG

See large

Figure 1

What is coronary artery disease?

Coronary artery disease is a narrowing of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that supply the heart muscle with oxygen). It reduces the blood supply to the heart muscle, leading to angina and heart attacks.

What are the benefits of surgery?

You should get less pain. Surgery may also improve your breathing and how well your heart works. Sometimes surgery can reduce the risk of you having a heart attack.

Are there any alternatives to surgery?

For some people it may be possible to have a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to widen or unblock an artery using a small inflatable balloon. A stent is usually used to hold the artery open.

Medication can be used to relieve the symptoms of coronary artery disease.

What does the operation involve?

The operation is performed under a general anaesthetic and usually takes about three hours. Your surgeon will make a cut down the front of your chest, through your breastbone. You will be connected to a heart-lung machine, which allows your heart to be still while the bypasses are performed.

Your surgeon will use a length of blood vessel, taken from elsewhere in your body, to bypass the blockage and so restore a good blood supply to your heart (see figure 1).

What complications can happen?

1 General complications

  • Pain
  • Bleeding
  • Unsightly scarring
  • Blood clots


2 Specific complications

  • Stroke
  • Infection of the surgical site (wound)
  • Heart attack
  • Death


How soon will I recover?

After the operation you will be transferred to the cardiac intensive-care unit or high-dependency unit for a few days, and then to the ward.

You should be able to go home after 7 to 10 days. The healthcare team will tell you when you can return to normal activities.

Regular exercise should help you to return to normal activities as soon as possible. Before you start exercising, ask the healthcare team or your GP for advice.

Most people make a good recovery, with relief from angina, but symptoms can sometimes come back.

Summary

Coronary artery disease can cause pain, shortness of breath and heart attacks. A coronary artery bypass graft can relieve your pain and may help you to live longer.


Acknowledgements

Author: Prof. Julian Smith MBMS MSurgEd FRACS FACS FCSANZ FAICD
Illustrations: Medical Illustration Copyright © Medical-Artist.com


Issue date
2017-11-01
Expire date
2018-12-31

How long does it take?

Expected length of hospital stay

Up to seven nights stay

Fixed prices

Private CABG treatment prices.


Option In London Outside London Under 16's
£22000.00 n/a n/a

CABG - where does it take place?

HCA Healthcare UK hospitals offering Cardiac treatments

See below for the HCA hospitals that offer private CABG treatment.

CABG - consultants

Consultants offering Cardiac treatments

Some of the country's top consultants choose to practice in our World-Class Private Hospitals and private units. See below for the consultants available for this procedure.


HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments

- Call Us

HCA Fixed Price Self Pay makes it easy for you from the first telephone call.

0333 0110 500

Contact Us
HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments

- Can we call you back?

Would you like us to call you back at a more convenient time?


Leave your details and one of our team will be in contact.

Call me back
HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments - EIDO
HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments - The Information Standard
HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments - RCS
HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments - RCSED
HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments - Preoperative The Association
HCA Healthcare UK - Self Pay Treatments - Cristal Mark